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December 2012

Professor Catherine Rovira donates a collection of Dominican Studies resources to DSI

Prof. Sarah Aponte would like to thank John Jay College Professor Emeritus Catherine Rovira for making a generous donation comprising of 105 volumes which includes literary and academic journals, books, and anthologies. With this donation, our collection on Dominican Studies is complimented and expanded; Dr. Rovira enhances our library’s ability to better serve students, researchers and the general public. (Below find three of the materials she donated with a brief description).

Dr Catherine Rovira Scans - poesia afroantillana

Morales, Jorge
Luis. Poesía afroantillana y negrista
(Puerto Rico- República Dominicana-Cuba)
. Río
Piedras, Puerto Rico:
Editorial Universitaria
Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1976.

Published by the University of Puerto Rico, this
anthology examinesthe contribution of Spanish- Speaking
afro-Caribbean poets in the Americas. Jorge Luis Morales,
a noted Puerto Rican contemporary poet, reviews the
changing attitudes towards the element of negritude in
Puerto Rican, Dominican and Cuban poetry over the
years. A representative selection of poems by Hispanic-
Antillean poets, are also included in the index. This
publication is of interest to those working on afro-
Dominican literature, and literary trends in the
Dominican Republic and the rest of the Americas.

Dr Catherine Rovira Scans - panoramas

Bosch, Juan. Crisis de la Democracia de América en
la República Dominicana. Mexico: Centro de Estudios
y Documentación Sociales, A.C., 1964.

Juan Bosch (1909-2001) dedicates this first edition 
publication to José Francisco Peña Gómez, who at the
time was a supporter of Juan Bosch, then leader of the
Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD). The backdrop to
this book is Bosch own experience as the first
democratically-elected president of theDominican
Republic post-dictatorial period who was overthrown in
a military coup in September of 1963. As a result of his
overthrow he examines what social and political
structures at the time contributed to Dominican
Republic’s inability to practice democracy. This book is
essential reading to political science and history students
as well as  researchers working on Democracy in the
Americas, the post-dictatorial period in the Dominican
Republic, Juan Bosch, and the 1963 military coup in the
Dominican Republic, among others.

Dr Catherine Rovira Scans - la poesia dominicana

Flores, Baeza Alberto. La poesía dominicana en el
siglo XX
. Santiago, República
Dominicana: Universidad
Católica Madre y Maestra, 1976.

First published in 1976, this book is an anthology of
Dominican poets from 1883 to 1943. It intertwines with
concepts of history, literary criticism, and comparative
literary styles. It also investigates four literary
movements:  Modernism, Vedrinismo, Postumismo and Los
Triálogos and how these movements shaped the writing
within this 70 year period. Among the writers included we
find Pedro Henríquez Ureña (1884-1946), Aída Cartagena
Portalatín (1918-1994), and Federico Henríquez y
Carvajal(1859–1935), among others. This publication is of
interest to those working on Dominican literature,
artistic movements and literary trends in the Dominican
Republic and the rest of the Americas.

Jhensen Ortiz

Dominican Library Intern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Five social science resources by Juan Bosch

Bosch

In an effort to disseminate social and political thought from the Dominican Republic and the Caribbean, we are glad to present five distinctive social science publications written by Juan Bosch (1909-2001) and  available at our Dominican Library. These sources were published at different intervals of his life and provide insight into colonial history in the Americas and Europe, eighteenth and nineteenth century Caribbean history and twentieth century contemporary history. During the twentieth century, few writers in the Dominican Republic were as prolific as Juan Bosch. An educator, political organizer and former president, Bosch’s impact on politics, literature and the social sciences cannot be overestimated. The five publications below were a product of heated intellectual and political polemics with other writers while others were written with the explicit aim to educate the general public on important issues of the day by looking at the past with a critical eye.  All publications listed here are in Spanish unless otherwise indicated. (The DSI library has an extensive collection of literary and political works authored by Juan Bosch. In addition, we have a growing collection of literary criticism, political essays and audiovisual material that examine his life, work and legacy. To find more resources on Juan Bosch at DSI Library and other CUNY schools we recommend you to search the CUNY+ catalog).

 

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De Cristóbal Colón a Fidel Castro: el Caribe, frontera imperial. Santo Domingo [From Cristopher Columbus to Fidel Castro: The Caribbean, an Imperial Frontier], República Dominicana: Alfa & Omega, 1988.

Drawing in part from the work of non-traditional scholarship as well as his own, this 738 page book is one of Juan Bosch’s most ambitious works. De Cristóbal Colón a Fidel Castro depicts the Caribbean region as a dynamic place moving history forward. Like many passionate writers and artists, Bosch does not shy away from contradiction. In Bosch’s writing, which reveals his political thinking at the time, traces of historical materialism co-exist side by side with positivist ideological formulations. Nevertheless, Bosch writes from a critical perspective that examines European colonialism in the Americas and its “imperial frontier” in the Caribbean erected over a period that lasted five centuries. Subsequent wars of independence, however, led to its demise to be later reconstructed by the United States as its expansionist policy took hold over time. Further, Bosch argues that a new historical period unlike any other opened up with the defeat of U.S-trained mercenaries who invaded Cuba in 1961 (Bay of Pigs or Playa Girón invasion) as it marked the demise of the imperial frontier set up by the United States. The book first saw publication in 1970. It has a bibliography and an index.

This publication is essential reading for students and researchers working on colonial history in the Americas, European wars, Caribbean societies, mercantilism and slavery; the Haitian revolution and inter-capitalist rivalry; Wars of Independence in the Americas, US foreign policy in the Caribbean, the Cuban revolution and Latin American nationalist movements. 

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33 artículos de temas políticos [33 political essays]. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editora Alfa & Omega, 1988.

This is a collection of essays first published in the 1980s in Política: Teoría y Acción [Politics, Theory and Action], the long defunct journal of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD). This book was published at the time when Bosch publicly embraced a Democratic Left/National Liberation political outlook. Bosch writes about the Nicaraguan revolution, the Reagan presidency and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Furthermore, Bosch’s essays touch upon both historical and ideological issues such as Latin American independence hero Simón Bolívar, the Russian Revolution, labor struggles in the United States, the Trujillo dictatorship in the Dominican Republic, political strategies and tactics as well as the role of the political leader. (We thank the Latin American and Caribbean Information Center (LACIC) for this donation).

This publication is essential reading for those studying Juan Bosch’s political and theoretical thought, populism as well as center-left and national liberation parties in the Americas.

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El Napoleón de las guerrillas [The Napoleon of the Guerillas]. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editora Alfa & Omega, 1986.

First published in 1976, this book is a brief survey of the military campaigns organized by Dominican General Máximo Gómez (1836-1905) during Cuba’s War of Independence known as the Ten Year War (1868–1878). In this book, Bosch examines General Máximo Gómez’s social and political thought while looking at its impact on the course of the war to liberate Cuba from Spanish rule. The title of the book comes from a piece in The London News that recognized General Máximo Gómez’s tactical insights by comparing him to French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) hence the name “The Napoleon of the Guerrillas”. As an aside, the book cover provides insight on the solidarity efforts of other Latin American nations with the Cuban people by reproducing the front page of the Buenos Aires-based Cuba Libre newspaper published on January 23rd of 1897.  (We thank Luis Feliz for this donation).

This monographic study is essential reading for students and researchers conducting research on the Cuban war of independence, General Máximo Gómez, Antonio Maceo, José Martí, the Mambises, Afro-Cuban soldiers, Dominican solidarity with Cuba, military tactics as well as guerilla warfare during wars of independence and Antillanismo ideology.

Pentagonism127

Pentagonism: A Substitute for Imperialism, New York: Grove Press, 1968.

This is perhaps Juan Bosch’s best known political essay. In a nutshell, the author’s elaborates further on the “military-industrial complex” thesis in an attempt to denounce US interventions and coups—particularly his own experience as the first democratically-elected president of the Dominican Republic post-dictatorial period who was overthrown in a military coup in September of 1963. Translated into several languages, the book was the love child of a tumultuous epoch (the Cold War) in which world powers (the US and the former Soviet Union) competed for political, military and economic hegemony around the world. The backdrop to this book and similar publications at the time were the April of 1965 Constitutionalist revolution in the Dominican Republic and U.S military invasion; the anti-colonial wars in Africa; the Chinese revolution; the Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam war conflict (1955-1975); the civil rights movement in the U.S. and finally, the worldwide student revolts that shook the Western world. This publication is available at the DSI library in English.

This book is essential reading to political science and history students as well as researchers working in the fields of Cold War studies, U.S foreign policy in the Americas and Asia, modern warfare, the post-dictatorial period in the Dominican Republic, Juan Bosch, and the 1963 military coup in the Dominican Republic among others.

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Hostos el sembrador [Hostos The Sower]. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Alfa & Omega, 2003.

This is a biography of positivist educator and political activist Eugenio María de Hostos (1839-1903). Originally born in Puerto Rico, Hostos left a profound mark on Dominican and Spanish-speaking Caribbean culture and letters.  The first edition of this book appeared in Cuba in 1939. This ninth edition (2003), published under the auspices of Fundación Juan Bosch to commemorate the one-hundred anniversary of Hostos’s death, presents a young Bosch working as a researcher for a living while laying the foundation for the study of Hostos’s extensive body of work and legacy. Consequently, Bosch’s work was fundamental in rescuing Hostos from the dustbin of history.

This biography is a secondary source material for those working on the intellectual history of the Spanish-speaking Caribbean, Eugenio María de Hostos, Puerto Rican writers and thinkers, Puerto Rican Independence movement, Puerto Rican writers in the Dominican Republic, Dominican-Puerto Rican solidarity ties, educational system in the Dominican Republic, cultural production in the Dominican Republic, modern political philosophies of the Americas, Antillanismo, Hostosianismo and Positivism, ideology of progress as well as Juan Bosch’s political and social thought.

Amaury Rodríguez, Library Research Assistant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Joan Soriano music at CUNY DSI Library

Prof. Sarah Aponte would like to thank Adam Taub for his visit and for donating the albums Vocales de Amor by Joan Soriano, Bachata Roja: Amor y amargue and the documentary El duque de la bachata

Elduque027

The Duke of Bachata (Horizon Line, 2009) is a documentary by Adam Taub that follows Joan “El duque de la bachata” Soriano on his quest to become a superstar. Taub travels with Soriano to different venues where Soriano plays with his family band, to his parents’ countryside home at La Luisa de Monte Plata and to the Unites States. Taub gives us a look into Soriano’s life in Dominican Republic as well as the life of his parents and closest family and friends. With this comes a look at the many challenges musicians face on their road to stardom. In various scenes Soriano questions why he has not found the success and even expresses his need for money since it is one of the only things that he does not have. As the documentary progresses we see that there is hope for Soriano. We see him at a studio recording singles, even coming to the United States of America to play in the Bachata Roja tour, organized by his producer Benjamin de Menil from iASO Records. Soriano’s success is almost ensured but as he recognizes “in music you can’t despair. God can’t please everyone at the same time.” He feels his time is coming; it is just a question of when. Soriano is patient, thankful and continues to work on his music since it is the only thing he keeps coming back to. Joan Soriano’s story is one that others can relate to since it speaks to the underdog. Here is a man that has not given up, he keeps fighting with the hope that his time will come.

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The other half of the donation includes the bachata albums Bachata Roja: Amor y Amargue, which will be getting its own blog post featuring more information about iASO Records and their mission so please stay tuned, and Vocales de amor (1998) by Joan Soriano it incorporates contrasting musical elements where the miscegenation of African and European culture is evident. The album’s first track – incidentally shares the same name as the album – sets the tone for a musical production that features quintessential bachatas that identify the mid to late nineties bachata and bachatarengue styles popularized by bachata legends Teodoro Reyes, Luis Vargas, El Chaval, and Joe Veras, among other bachateros. Vocales de amor literally translates to vocals of love or love vocals. Soriano’s singing is reminiscent of Reyes and Luis Segura, two pioneers who emerged decades prior, and who still perform. Like Reyes and Segura, Soriano sings about bitterness caused by heartache. His nasal passionate voice and picaresque guitar mesh with his lyrics to connect with the audience via his amargue (bitterness). “Sin tu amor no soy feliz” (Without Your Love I am Not Happy), “No podemos continuar” (We Cannot Continue), and “¿Que pasará mañana?” (What Will Happen Tomorrow?) are bachatas that epitomize this amargue. Soriano demonstrates his virtuosity as lead and rhythm guitarist. Other musicians to record for this album include Julian Lacheco y El Guaro on bass guitar; Robert Feliz Mario and David Paredes on guira; El Rubio and David Paredes on bongos; and Roberto Feliz, July Amparo Soriano, Morena Castillo, and Joan Soriano round off the chorus. Once again, thanks to Adam Taub for donating The Duke of Bachata and the album Vocales de Amor, both should be of interest for those researching Joan Soriano, Dominican music, culture or history.

Antonio Perez (Library Intern) and Nelson Santana (Assistant Librarian)


Keiselim Montás donates "Allá (diario del transtierro)"

Prof. Sarah Aponte would like to thank Keiselim A. Montás for donating his most recent publication to our Dominican Library

MontasAllá (diario del transtierro). New York; New Hampshire: Zompopos, 2012, is a collection of poetry put together throughout approximately 20 years from a diary that spans 15 volumes. Keiselim Montás divides his poems into 5 chapters, each respectively titled: "Trabazón de pueblo", "Ilación de la escritura", "Parentesco con los prójimos", "Maridaje al diario", and "Concomitancia con el mundo". Each chapter begins with a brief description, letting the readers know that it tells a different story from the ones before and after it. Each poem, within the chapter, comes stamped with date, time, and location, in order to give us a slightly detailed context. Montás takes us with him to many places, where he shares his deepest feelings, attitudes, and thoughts, which include his native Dominican Republic, New York, New Mexico and New Hampshire among others. This book is written in Spanish and will be great for those researching literature, Dominicans in the Unites States of America, or Keiselim A. Montás.

Antonio Perez, Library Intern