Generous Donors

Centro Cultural Eduardo León Jimenes donates important publications to the CUNY Dominican Studies Institute Library

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The books donated to the library from Centro León

We would like to extend our sincere thanks to Director Maria Amalia León for making possible a generous donation of the publications of Centro Cultural Eduardo León Jimenes (Centro León) in the Dominican Republic. The donation includes an extensive assortment of books related to the history of photograph, tobacco in the Dominican Republic, art catalogs, and the proceedings of the Congreso Internacional Música, Identidad y Cultura en el Caribe hosted at Centro León in the past (genres of jazz, bolero, and folklore) In addition, their publications are now available online here.

This is the list of publications generously donated by Centro León:

  • Chez Checo, José, and Mu-Kien A. Sang. El tabaco: Historia general en República Dominicana. Volumen 1: Botánica, Usos, y Comercio. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2007.
  • Chez Checo, José, and Mu-Kien A. Sang. El tabaco: Historia general en República Dominicana. Volumen 2: Renacimiento y Expansión. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2007.
  • Chez Checo, José, and Mu-Kien A. Sang. El tabaco: Historia general en República Dominicana Volumen 3: Consolidación y Crisis. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2007.
  • Miller, Jeannette. Historia de la fotografía dominicana. Volumen 1. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Grupo León Jimenes, 2010.
  • Miller, Jeannette. Historia de la fotografía dominicana. Volumen 2. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Grupo León Jimenes, 2010.
  • Ducoudray, Félix Servio, Arístides Incháustegui, and Blanca Delgado Malagón. La naturaleza dominicana: artículos publicados en el suplemento sabatino del periódico El caribe (1978-1989). Volumen 1: Región norte. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2006.
  • Ducoudray, Félix Servio, Arístides Incháustegui, and Blanca Delgado Malagón. La naturaleza dominicana: artículos publicados en el suplemento sabatino del periódico El caribe (1978-1989). Volumen 2: Región sur. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2006.
  • Ducoudray, Félix Servio, Arístides Incháustegui, and Blanca Delgado Malagón. La naturaleza dominicana: artículos publicados en el suplemento sabatino del periódico El caribe (1978-1989). Volumen 3: Región este. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2006.
  • Ducoudray, Félix Servio, Arístides Incháustegui, and Blanca Delgado Malagón. La naturaleza dominicana: artículos publicados en el suplemento sabatino del periódico El caribe (1978-1989.) Volumen 4: Flora/Fauna. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2006.
  • Ducoudray, Félix Servio, Arístides Incháustegui, and Blanca Delgado Malagón. La naturaleza dominicana: artículos publicados en el suplemento sabatino del periódico El caribe (1978-1989.) Volumen 5: Dunas/Formaciones Geológicas Origrafía/Volcanes. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2006.
  • Ducoudray, Félix Servio, Arístides Incháustegui, and Blanca Delgado Malagón. La naturaleza dominicana: artículos publicados en el suplemento sabatino del periódico El caribe (1978-1989). Volumen 6: Àmbar/Varios/Anexos. Santo Domingo: Grupo León Jimenes, 2006.
  • López Belando, Adolfo. La memoria de las rocas: Arte rupestre en la República Dominicana. Santiago de los Caballeros: Fundacioń Eduardo León Jimenes: Fundación García Arévalo, 2019.
  • Anuario 2020: La cultura sigue siendo esperanza. Santiago de los Caballeros: Fundacioń Eduardo León Jimenes, 2020.
  • León de Jorge, María Amalia, Lisa K. Erf, Yolanda Wood, Sara Hermann, Michèle Dalmace, Alanna Lockward, and Jorge Pineda. Trenzando una historia en curso: arte dominicano contemporáneo en el contexto del Caribe. Santiago de los Caballeros: Centro Cultural Eduardo León Jimenes, 2017.
  • Centro Cultural Eduardo León Jimenes, Marianne de Tolentino, Rafael Emilio Yunén, Karenia Guillarón, Sara Hermann, and José M. Fernández Pequeño. Colección Eduardo León Jimenes de Artes Visuales: estructura, contenido, proyección, trascendencia. Santiago de los Caballeros: Centro Cultural Eduardo León Jimenes, 2012.
  • XXV Concurso de Arte Eduardo León Jimenes: catálogo de obras octubre 2014/ febrero 2015. Santiago de los Caballeros, Centro Cultural Eduardo León Jimenes, 2014.
  • Tejeda, Darío, and Rafael E. Yunén. El Jazz desde la perspectiva caribeña: Memorias Del Iv Congreso Internacional Música, Identidad Y Cultura En El Caribe. Santo Domingo: INEC, Instituto de Estudios Caribeños; Santiago de los Caballeros: Centro León; Santo Domingo: Ministerio de Cultura, 2012.
  • Tejeda, Darío, and Rafael E. Yunén. El bolero en la cultura caribeña y su proyección universal: Memorias del Iii Congreso Internacional Música, Identidad Y Cultura En El Caribe. Santo Domingo: INEC, Instituto de Estudios Caribeños; Santiago de los Caballeros: Centro León; Santo Domingo: Ministerio de Cultura, 2010. 
  • Tejeda, Darío, and Rafael E. Yunén. El folclore musical y danzario del caribe en tiempos de globalización: Memorias Del V Congreso Internacional Música, Identidad Y Cultura En El Caribe. Santo Domingo: INEC, Instituto de Estudios Caribeños; Santiago de los Caballeros: Centro León; Santo Domingo: Ministerio de Cultura, 2014. 
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The papers presented at the Congreso Internacional Música, Identidad y Cultura en el Caribe in 2013, 2011, and 2009 compiled and published in three separate books on jazz, bolero, and folklore.

Thank you once again to Centro León for their kind donation and for allowing us to share these publications with the many different communities we serve on campus and beyond.

Jhensen Ortiz, Librarian 


Our Director Dr. Ramona Hernández’s Generous Donation Continues the Legacy

Professor Sarah Aponte would like to thank CUNY DSI Director and Sociology Professor Dr. Ramona Hernández who teaches at The City College of New York for her continuous support to the library and for donating publications to the CUNY Dominican Studies Institute Library: 

 Capture 2Published by Fundación Juan Bosch:

Las huellas literarias de Juan Bosch (2014) by Néstor Medran

República Dominicana y Haití el derecho a vivir (2014) by Irene Hernández

José Martí por los caminos de la vida nueva (2014) by Carlos Rodríguez Almaguer

1963: revolución inconclusa (2013) by Eliades Acosta Matos

And recently published books in the field of sociology:

La mujer médica en la sociedad dominicana (2014) by Fernando Sánchez Martínez 

Voces de aquí y allá (2013) by Milton Ray Guevara

We can’t thank her enough for the immeasurable support and contribution to the DSI Library and to the field of Dominican Studies.

Jhensen Ortiz

Assistant Librarian


Visita y donación del Dr. Diógenes Céspedes

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El Professor Anthony Stevens-Acevedo y la profesora Sarah Aponte agradecen al Dr. Diógenes Céspedes por donar varios de sus libros a nuestra biblioteca y por su grata visita. La donación constituye siete obras: Ponencias del Coloquio: Henri Meschonnic (Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo, 2014), Migrantes dominicanos: Ideologías y figuras independentistas en la literatura feminista puertorriqueña 1980-2010 (Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo, 2014), El sujeto dominicano: estudios acerca de su especificidad (Editora Universitaria, 2011), y Política y teoría del futuro estado nacional dominicano (Editora Universitaria, 2012). Estos libros estan disponible en nuestra biblioteca.

Jhensen Ortiz

Asistente Bibliotecario

 

 

 

 

 


Carlos Jesus Martinez Dominguez donates his artistic production to the CUNY DSI Library

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Professor Sarah Aponte would like to thank graffiti and teaching artist Carlos Jesus Martinez Dominguez (FEEGZ) for personally donating exhibition programs, newspaper clippings, and flyers that document his work over the years in the U.S. and abroad. Carlos is athought-provoking artist who draws inspiration from the culture and related histories of Hip Hop, New York City, and the Caribbean. He describes his agency as an artist born out of the intersection of his own identity as a Dominican-Puerto Rican American man and the inherent tensions that exist within our systemically ingrained system of beliefs.

Last year he was awarded the Proclamation award from the city of New York for his efforts in the arts at Ydanis Rodriguez District Office in Washington Heights. Here is a link to a piece written by freelance writer and art enthusiast Roz Baron on his recognition and exhibition Displaced Vandalism NYC.

According to Uptown Arts Review, FEEGZ is very socially and politically engaged, and he seeks to create a dialogue around the issues of naming and how communities are formed by their access to knowledge about their own history as well as basic human needs like housing and education. Associations of Research Libraries (ACRL) have been spotlighting the inextricable connection between graffiti and street art as a legitimate source of academic study. Explaining this view by saying “it is being studied as a reaction to injustice and disenfranchisement, a cry for revolution, a way to create awareness of socio-political issues, an expression of hope for the future, an effort to reclaim public spaces, or an attempt to beautify the urban environment, among others.” These are themes he raises in his art; Carlos has been an outspoken advocate for this kind of inclusion.

In 2011, the issue of graffiti as an under-recognized artistic form was discussed as part of an artist talk at the Northern Manhattan Arts Alliance. Carlos expressed in the Manhattan Times how graffiti is an important vehicle for the youth to announce “I exist”. He shares these views with the after-school graffiti art class he teaches to students at the Children’s Arts and Science Workshop. His response raises deeper questions on how graffiti is perceived in our society and the youth whose creative expression is often judge through race, class, gender, ethnicity, nationality, etc. It is important to mention that graffiti emerges from a period of fiscal crisis and restructuring in New York City during the 1970s under this context we can understand racial structure that is put in place for the criminalization of youth and underestimate this art form. In terms of the “public sphere” for graffiti and street art few places remained as New York City restructured itself in the 70s and into the present. Political leaders continue to make alliances with the business community to privatize these public spaces in the service of capital accumulation.

Graffiti has always been accessible to everyone and it is important that we maintain the same accessibility to their works through preserving the documentation of graffiti artists like Carlos Martinez in our library.

For those who want to see Carlos Martinez’s work and hear him speak about his art you can visit his website .

Jhensen Ortiz

Assistant Librarian


Dominican diaspora in the U.S preserves Manuel del Cabral’s legacy

Professor Sarah Aponte would like to thank Syracuse University English Professor Silvio Torres-Saillant for donating a program from the Encuentro Manuel del Cabral [Manuel del Cabral Gathering] held in New York City in 1987 from October 9th to October 11th. The event was organized by Casa Cultural Dominicana. The three-day gathering in 1987 examined the legacy of Manuel del Cabral (1907- 1999), a Dominican poet who championed Afro-Dominican culture. The poet, who was celebrating his 80th birthday, attended the event.

This unique and important donation adds to our growing collection of material on cultural and civic activism of Dominicans in New York. We invite the public to browse our collection. The Dominican Library at CUNY/DSI has a large literature section including books by Manuel del Cabral as well as bibliographical and audiovisual material on all aspects of Afro-Dominican culture. For more information, you can visit our library during published hours or search the CUNY+ online library catalog.

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At the Schomburg Center

On March 21st, 2014 Professor Torres-Saillant evoked the 1987 Manuel del Cabral Gathering during his talk on the renowned Caribbean poet at a panel discussion held at the Schomburg Center for Research in BlackCulture

CAM00206      Sarah Aponte and Silvio Torres-Saillant posing with the program from the 1987 Manuel del Cabral Gathering in NYC [Photo: Nelson Santana].

Forging a Common Path: An Anthology of Afro-Caribbean and Brazilian Poetry, Culture and Thought celebrated Manuel del Cabral’s legacy. The event brought together three main panelists: Cheryl Sterling, Assistant Professor, Director of the Black Studies Program at City College of New York (CCNY) and author of African Roots, Brazilian Rites: Cultural and National Identity in Brazil; Manuel del Cabral’s son, the painter Alejandro Cabral from Fundación Manuel del Cabral [Manuel del Cabral Foundation] and Professor Silvio Torres- Saillant author of Caribbean Poetics: Towards an Aesthetic of West Indian Literature .(Saillant is the founding Director of CUNY/DSI).

Both the recent panel discussion at the prestigious Schomburg Center in Harlem and the historic 1987 Manuel del Cabral Gathering served to highlight the efforts of the Dominican community and others to preserve the legacy of this poetic voice that spoke truth to power.  These two gatherings not only introduced a new generation to his work, but helped disseminate afro-Dominican and afro-Caribbean cultural production.

Besides these literary gatherings and discussion panels, writers of Dominican descent in the U.S disseminate Manuel del Cabral’s poetry via English translation. One of these is Rhina P. Espaillat, a poet and translator who has rendered into English two of his poems:

[Manuel del Cabral poems translated by Rhina P. Espaillat].

Manuel_del_CabralManuel del Cabral [Photo:Wikipedia]

Forging a common path

Manuel del Cabral did not work in isolation. Indeed, by the 1940s his work shared commonalities with other like-minded writers, members of an intercontinental literary current in Latin-America and the U.S that drew attention to popular culture and in particular, cultural expressions by people of African descent.

He formed part of a “quartet of poetic creators” in the Caribbean, according to the organizers of the 1987 Manuel del Cabral literary gathering. These were the Puerto Rican poet Luis Palés Matos (1898-1959), a pioneering writer within the afro-Antillean poetry movement in the Americas; the Martinican surrealist poet, theorist of the negritude movement, anti-colonialist activist and cultural networker Aimé Césaire (1913-2008); the Cuban poet, political activist and journalist Nicolás Guillén (1902-1989) as well as the Dominican poet, novelist and political activist Manuel del Cabral. While these were not the first writers to explore African motifs in the Caribbean, these poets innovated upon the rich, oral tradition of afro-Caribbean culture.

Sources of dissent and hope

Manuel del Cabral drew upon several sources that shaped his rebellious artistic spirit as a poet and as a human being. Among these were the oral histories of slave rebellions in his native country; the international impact of emancipatory struggles  such as the Haitian revolution and the 1863 independence war against the Spanish Empire fought by people of African descent; the anti-colonialist struggle in Africa and elsewhere; the subhuman working conditions of both West Indian and Haitian workers in the sugar cane industry; the oppressive first U.S occupation (1916-1924) and the subsequent Trujillo regime which used racism to create divisions among native and foreign workers; and the elite’s prevalent racism throughout the history of the country. (His open disdain for the elite explains in part why his work was ignored for a long time by traditional critics and writers).

But not all of Manuel del Cabral’s poems have an explicitly political bent. His poems also celebrate life. Eroticism, romance and love are some of the themes found in his poems. He even wrote a beautiful book of poems celebrating horses and their beauty. He was a poeta bullanguero:  equally at ease in the barrio and in the brothel. He was urban at heart. A poet of the city: beautiful, ugly and decadent. His work reflected the power relations of urban life. Perhaps this explains the disdain toward his writings by traditional critics. At the same time, it is refreshing to know that Dominican immigrants in the U.S are ahead of the game.

Amaury Rodriguez, Guest contributor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Two new audiovisual donations on sports and history

DSI received two new audiovisual donations: one from DSI intern Jhensen Ortiz and one from Bobbito Garcia respectively. Jhensen Ortiz donated The Galindez File while Bobbito Garcia donated Doin' It in the Park. (Garcia is also one of its directors). Both of these films reflect Ortiz’s interests in history, sports, politics and popular culture. He is currently pursuing a M.A in Library Science at Queens College. For more on Jhensen Ortiz’s work check out “Three Afro-Latino baseball players you ought to know” published last year in the Smithsonian blog. Chief Librarian Sarah Aponte would like to thank Jhensen Ortiz and Bobbito Garcia for making these two important donations to our growing audiovisual collection.

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The Galindez File [El misterio Galíndez].  Directed by Gerardo Herrero and Produced by Gerardo Herrero, Javier Lopez Blanco, Mariela Besuievsky and Tedy Villalba. Spain, 2003. Spanish. Some English dialogues. Color; 125 minutes. DVD.

The Galindez File

The senseless murder of Spanish Republican and Basque nationalist exile Jesús de Galíndez (1915-1956) at the hands of the Trujillo dictatorship (1930-1961) in New York City is the subject of this film based on the 1991 award-winning novel of the same title—this resource is available at the CUNY/DSI Library for consultation. The novel was written by Manuel Vázquez Montalbán (1939-2003) who was one of Spain’s most important social critics. This aspect shows in the film adaptation, a tour de force full of Cold War intrigue and suspense.The film tells the story of Muriel Colber (Saffron Burrows), a graduate student bent on digging out the truth about the unsolved mystery surrounding the death of Jesús de Galíndez (who taught at Columbia  University ) and the CIA agent (Harvey Keitel ) trying to stop her at all cost. Although the film is based on a fictitious narrative, it manages to connect the dots by tracing the political context that led to Galíndez’s disappearance and subsequent murder as well as the essence of his dubious personality and real political loyalties which still remains a mystery to this day.

This film could be of interest to those studying the history of the Cold War in Latin American and the Caribbean, the Trujillo dictatorship in the Dominican Republic, the Spanish Civil War and the influx of Spanish refugees in the Americas during the civil war as well as issues of academic freedom in American universities.

●To learn more about Jesús de Galíndez feel free to stop by our library during published hours. The CUNY/DSI library has an extensive bibliographical collection on the Spanish Republican refugees in the Dominican Republic, Cold War politics and U.S foreign relations. For more information, contact chief librarian Sarah Aponte. You can also search the CUNY+ online catalog.

Doin' It in the Park: Pick-Up Basketball, NYC .Directed by Bobbito Garcia and Kevin Couliau. Produced by Bobbito Garcia and Kevin Couliau. USA, 2013. English. Color, 85 minutes. DVD.

Doin' It in the Park (2)

This documentary film is a history of pick-up or street basketball. But it is also a travelogue of sorts that showcases New York City’s basketball courts from Central Harlem to Queens to Brooklyn and Washington Heights. Grammy award-winning musician Eddie Palmieri (b.1936) wrote the original score. The film traces the birth of street basketball and its trajectory in New York City neighborhoods where pick-up basketball eventually became a popular pastime among African-American youth and Latinos. Over time, the game developed its own rules and language. At the end, New York City public basketball courts created a new style that transformed mainstream basketball.

Entertaining and illuminating, basketball fans and anyone interested in contemporary New York City history, cultural movements and urban life will enjoy watching Doin' It in the Park.Overall,this is an important audiovisual resource. The film goes beyond a mere sport narrative by exploring issues that affects African-American and Latino youth. Among some of the topics explored in this film are economic inequality, gender (female basketball players), deaf basketball players, friendships and systems of community support.

Amaury Rodriguez/Guest contributor

 

 


Visita desde la Universidad de Puerto Rico del Profesor García Cuevas

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La Profesora Sarah Aponte agradece al  Profesor Eugenio García Cuevas por donar varios de sus libros a nuestra biblioteca y por su grata visita. La donación constituye siete obras: La palabra sin territorio (hablar en la posguerra fría) (Alfaguara, 2004), Poesía moderna dominicana del siglo xx y los contextos internacionales (estudio sobre La Poesía Sorprendida) (Editora Nacional, 2011), Sujetos y predicados: el hijo de la mujer y diez cuentos más (Ediciones Ultimo Atrópodos, 2012), Descendientes del sonido (Isla Negra Editores, 2007), A quemarropa (nacionalismo, intelectuales, ética y academia) (Publicaciones Puertorriqueñas Editores, 2005), Lengua en tiempo saberes buenos, malos y feos (Isla Negra, 2006). Además del libro objeto de Pastor  de Moya La piarra (Ediciones Atrópodos, 2011).

Book Cuevas (2)
A continuación le hacemos una breve reseña a dos de sus publicaciones:

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García Cuevas, Eugenio. La palabra sin territorio (hablar en la posguerra fría). Guaynabo, Puerto Rico: Alfaguara, 2004. Print.

Este volumen analiza los discursos y pensamientos del mundo de la Posguerra fría. El autor explica que desde  el año 1991, vivimos tiempos en que las líneas epistemológicas e ideológicas no están tan claras. El material que el autor nos presenta contiene  una amplia variedad de temas tal como la ética, la educación, las identidades, el feminismo, la globalización, el neoliberalismo, la posmodernidad y la historiografía. También contiene diálogos-entrevistas con varios escritores como Fernando Savater, Carlos Fuentes, José Saramgo, Octavio Ianni y Pedro Antonio Valdez, entre otros más.

Este libro es  un recurso para estudiantes, investigadores, y nuestros usuarios interesados  no solo en la crítica literaria si no en diversas problemáticas de nuestro tiempo.

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García Cuevas, Eugenio.  Poesía moderna dominicana del siglo XX y los contextos internacionales (Estudio sobre La Poesía Sorprendida). Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Ministerio de Cultura Editora Nacional, 2011. Print.

Poesía moderna dominicana del siglo XX trata sobre el origen y desarrollo de la estética y poética de La Poesía Sorprendida en el contexto local e internacional. La Poesía Sorprendida es un movimiento literario que abarca una colectiva de diez poetas dominicanos y la revista donde éstos publicaban sus textos entre octubre de 1943 hasta mayo de 1947. El autor argumenta que la obra de estos poetas como tanto la revista no han sido estudiados en profundidad por la crítica dominicana y de América Latina durante las últimas cinco décadas. Afirma que lo que se ha hecho, sobre todo hasta este punto, es  construir los cánones poéticos territoriales y extraterritoriales en sus conexiones con la tradición de la poesía occidental.

Con esta donación el Prof. García Cuevas mejora la capacidad de la biblioteca para servir mejor a los estudiantes, investigadores y la comunidad.

Jhensen Ortiz

Library Intern

 


Dr.Wilhelmine Wiese-Rometsch donates part of her father's bibliographic collection

Last year our library received a large bibliographical donation from Dr.Wilhelmine Wiese-Rometsch, daughter of the late Dr. Hans Paul Wiese Delgado (1928- 2001), a former diplomat, president of the State Sugar industry and author of the best-selling book Trujillo: Amado por muchos, odiado por otros, temido por todos (Trujillo:  Loved by Many, Hated by Others, Feared by All). Wiese’s memoirs recount his personal experience next to Dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo (1891-1961). Prof. Sarah Aponte would like to acknowledge Dr. Wiese-Rometsch for donating parts of her father vast, and diverse personal library to the Dominican Library at CUNY DSI. Few personal collections that we know of have captured the historical reality of a time period in Dominican history such as that of Dr. Hans Paul Wiese Delgado.In fact, his personal book collection enhances our library’s ability to provide primary and secondary sources to students, researchers and the general public interested in Dominican studies as well as contemporary socio-economic and political history of Latin America and the Caribbean region. Our blog is glad to present an overview of his collection.


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Overview

This collection offers a unique view of a country where— at times of financial and political crisis particularly in the early 1930s and by the end of the 1950s—the state used naked violence, social control and blackmail to exert a considerable amount of influence over the population. This collection contains several out of print and valuable books such as first edition copies of Trujillo: Causas de una tiranía sin ejemplo [Trujillo: Causes of a Tyranny without Precedent] and Crisis de la democracia de América en la República Dominicana [Crisis of Democracy in America in the Dominican Republic] by former Dominican president Juan Bosch (1909-2001). These first editions are not only rare books but also represent historical records of an epoch in turmoil. For example, these publications effectively present to the reader some of the views of the exile community who resided in a number of countries in Latin America from where they were able toexpress their opposition to the state of affairs in the Dominican Republic. These exilic texts by Bosch shed light on the tragedy that befell intellectuals, activists and anyone else who was forced to leave the country. But in spite of all this, exiles like Bosch did not despair and against all odds, made an extraordinary effort to explain to the world the nature of the regime and how it came about.  Such is the case of Trujillo: Causas de una tiranía sin ejemplo, published in Caracas, Venezuela in 1961 which coincidentally, was the same year when Trujillo was assassinated. This long essay attempts to examine the rise of and subsequent political consolidation of the despot by looking at the class and social composition that shaped his personality and thirst for power. With this book, Bosch put an emphasis on educating people about the social origins of dictatorial rule in this part of the Americas.

Bosch Trujillo Causas De Una Tirania

Additionally, some of the first editions have a special focus on the Dominican revolution of 1965 such as Acción dominicana: 1965¿Intervención o cooperación? [DominicanAction: 1965 InterventionorCooperation?]. This is a foreign policy report by the Center for Strategic Studies out of Georgetown University. The book is useful in the sense that provides insight into the minds of policy expects and analysts inside and outside of the Beltway who were trying to make sense of “the crisis in Santo Domingo”—a crisis that added an extra headache to the United States government as War in Vietnam became more unpopular among the American public.

Accion

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Another book that covers the 1965 revolution and civil war is Santo Domingo: Barricadas de odios [Santo Domingo: Trenches of Hate], a partisan book that gives the word “objectivity” a bad name.It was written by Antonio Llano Montes, a Mexican journalist who at first pretends to takeamiddle-of-the- road approach, but at the end, paints a negative picture of some of the key protagonists of the armed insurrection.  Full of fallacies and misinformation, the book is a must read for those interested in the hegemonic reach of the Cold War. More importantly, the book—published in Mexico— is a reflection of the internationalization of the Dominican revolution.

Hans Wiese RB052

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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In this section, we highlight some books that add to the diversity of the Dr. Hans Paul Wiese Delgado collection:

Wiese002Despradel, Fidelio. Historia gráfica de la revolución de abril. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana:Editora Nuevo Rumbo, 1975. Print.

This seminal book is one of best publications on the civil war, revolution and subsequent U.S. military intervention that took place beginning in the week of April 24th of 1965 in the Dominican Republic, two years after a military coup overthrew Juan Bosch who became the first-democratically elected president of the 20th century. It is clear from the start that the author’s sympathies lie with the armed popular revolt. The author, a theorist and leading member of the 14th of June Movement (1J4) as well as the renegade son of a prominent government official during the Trujillo dictatorship, gives a detailed account of what Dominican historian Roberto Cassá calls the most important historical event in the Dominican Republic.This encyclopedic book is an important visual resource that sheds light on the events that led to the military coup as well as the counter-coup led by a young, academically trained military leadership within the army that aimed at restoring Bosch to power.The book highlights the role of the various political formations ranging from the left, center left, social Christians, and ultra-right wing; the composition of the Comandos Populares (civilian military units), the role of artists and intellectuals organized in the Frente Cultural [literal translation: the Cultural Front], the role of women as well as Haitian immigrants and exiles and fighters from other nationalities. Additionally, the book highlights a city—Santo Domingo, where most of the fighting took place—and a courageous people under siege by U.S military troops and their local allies.

 Inoa, Orlando. Los árabes en Santo Domingo. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Amigo Del Hogar, 2013. PrintArabes006This book gives an insightful overview of the history of Arab immigrants and their descendants in Santo Domingo. Additionally,the book sheds light on the emigration of people from the Levant (what is today Syria, Lebanon and Palestine) to Haiti as well as the connections of Arab families who settled in Cuba and the Dominican Republic.The author provides an in-depth understanding of some of the most distinctive characteristics of the Arab migration to the Dominican Republic. Just to cite an example from the book: “This migration was composed of young children of mountain farmers whose meager savings was spent on the transport to get to America. Upon arrivingand settling in the Dominican Republic living conditions were not very good. They lived in a wooden house with a zinc roof high above the road and seven gates; a witness remembers arrival of these first Arab to the city ofSanto Domingo.” Lastly, the book touches upon the incorporation of Arabs into Dominican society and their relationship with different social classes as well as their chosen career paths into technical, medical and academic professions in the Dominican Republic.

Los árabes en Santo Domingo will interest readers investigating migrations to the Dominican Republic, the Arab presence in the Americas, Middle Easter history, Colonialism in Africa and the Levant, Dominican History, and Dominican society.

 Cruz Segura, Juan José. Bajo la barbarie la juventud democrática clandestina, 1947-1959: testimonio de un protagonista. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Taller, 1997.Print.

Barbarie005This book is a first-witness account by Juan Jose Cruz Segura, a former militant of the left-wing Juventud Democrática which grouped together important segments of the middle class who opposed the Trujillo regime.This written account by a member of the internal resistance is a recollection of the imperishable memory of all those who with helped in any way they could to put an end to an era of tyranny: not only himself but his peers whose friendship and shared struggle during those fateful years of uncertainty he recalls. The book is filled with observations of the string of events in political climate endured by many. For several decades, the majority of the population—and perhaps, almost all, were not aware of some the details surrounding the organization, composition and activities of the internal resistance comprised mainly by youth.The book also includes photographs of participants during the early days of clandestine activities (1947/59), exiles, independent groups, political prisoners, and finally,those who died in the struggle.

Bajo la barbarie la Juventud Democrática clandestina, 1947-1959: testimonio de un protagonista is essential reading to students and researchers working on the Trujillo era and struggles of anti-trujillistas in the Dominican Republic and abroad.

SelinSaladin, Roberto B. Historia del Banco de Reservas de la República Dominicana, 1941-1981. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editora del Caribe, C. por A, 1982. Print.

Banco007This is a book on the history of the Reserve Bank of the Dominican Republic from 1941 to 1981.Dr. Roberto Saladin (a Dominican of Arab descent) presents the birth of the institution in 1941 and the significant influence it had on the life of the country.He composed this book with strict evidence and testimonies from officials of the time period. The book can be a useful primary source for students and researchers on banking, finances and economy of the nation and it gives consideration to the institution which since its inception has participated directly or indirectly in major projects that have materialized in the Dominican Republic. 

Other highlights:

In this collection we came across notes and newspaper clippings that were either attached or hidden inside the books. In some respects, this is a sort of annotated collection. One of the most intricate things we found was an article (published in El Sol newspaper on July 6, 1981) titled Peña Gómez, Sacha Volman y otros alongside a business card belonging to Sacha Volman. The article was written by Dominican Social scientist Juan Isidro Jiménez Grullón (1903-1983). The author exposes the hidden political activities of Sacha Volman, who was an advisor to former President Juan Bosch and also collaborated with the late Dr. Francisco Peña Gómez. Jiménez Grullón traces the history Sacha Volman’s involvement in the PRD since its inception. Thus, Jiménez Grullón is displeased with the lack of ineptitude shown by Peña Gómez for hiding what several American authors had written and insisted: that Sacha Volman was a Hungarian intelligence agent who in 1950 became a member of the New York branch of the Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD) and had ever since been an active member of this party. He also organized a school in Costa Rica in the 1950s called the Institute of Political Education [Instituto de Educación Política] attended by Juan Bosch while he was in exile in Costa Rica. Volman was responsible for infiltrating the PRD during the time of US military invasion and occupation in 1965.Dr. Hans Paul Wiese Delgado had this clipping in a book titled Inside the Company: CIA Diary by Philip Agee along with instructions on the cover to view pages 429 and 644.In the diary, Agee explains Volman’s political activities abroad and in the Dominican Republic with the PRD. Agee writes that “Volman earlier set up the Institute of Political Education in Costa Rica where we sent young liberal political hopefuls for training.” Philip Agee confirms his own collaboration with Volman and the Institute of Political Education in Costa Rica as a former CIA agent.

 

Sacha Volman

Hans Wiese business card 055-1

 

Agee Diary 6a01310fa95f37970c0192aa46880b970d

Summary of the collection:Dr. Hans Paul Wiese Delgado’s collection will provide researchers and students alike a glimpse into the thoughts and opinions of a man who was an eye witness to many of the events that transpired in Dominican history. His annotationsare found in books by Miguel Guerrero such as Enero de 1962 ¡El despertar dominicano! as well as and in Antonio Ocaña’s Testimonio para la historia. Many of his annotations represent his own views, contradictions, doubts and interpretations of what may have or may not have happened in the past.These personal divagations and observations can be found in many of the books of this collection.

The collection will be available to anyone who is interested in learning about Dominican History. For those interested in conducting research the late Dr. Hans Paul Wiese Delgado and others,this is could be the starting place as some of his book choices and annotations might give a small but useful glimpse of his social and political thought.

Jhensen Ortiz, Library Intern

Amaury Rodríguez/Guest contributor


IDENTITY and MAGIC at CUNY DSI

Prof. Sarah Aponte would like to thank VICINI for donating this magnificent publication. Images from the book Identity and Magic: Folk Dances of the Dominican Republic will be on view from May 17 to August 17. The opening reception will feature the well-known Dominican folklorist Dagoberto Tejeda Ortiz and will be held on Friday May, 17th from 6:30pm to 8:30pm. Admission to the reception is free and open to the public: please register at http://identity-and-magic.eventbrite.com

Identidad y magia: bailes folklóricos de la República Dominicana / Identity and Magic: Folk Dances of the Dominican Republic. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Vicini, 2012.

Identidad y Magia

This beautiful coffee table book recounts the history and evolution of folkloric dances in the Dominican Republic. The book was written by Dagoberto Tejeda Ortiz, a well-known researcher who has dedicated many pages to investigating the subject.  (Many of his books are available at DSI for perusal). It narrates the story of the Dominican Republic’s folk dances through multimedia: writing, photography, illustration and a documentary video. This combination provides a great, interdisciplinary overview of dances and themes examined in each chapter.

Identity and Magic Folk Dances of the Dominican Republic is an important resource for researchers, students, dancers, musicologists, ethnographers, musicians and the general public interested in Dominican folkloric traditions, dances, and history.  It is a comprehensive text that seeks to spread, share and promote the essence of folk dances and culture in the Dominican Republic.

Jhensen Ortiz, Library Intern


Professor Catherine Rovira donates a collection of Dominican Studies resources to DSI

Prof. Sarah Aponte would like to thank John Jay College Professor Emeritus Catherine Rovira for making a generous donation comprising of 105 volumes which includes literary and academic journals, books, and anthologies. With this donation, our collection on Dominican Studies is complimented and expanded; Dr. Rovira enhances our library’s ability to better serve students, researchers and the general public. (Below find three of the materials she donated with a brief description).

Dr Catherine Rovira Scans - poesia afroantillana

Morales, Jorge
Luis. Poesía afroantillana y negrista
(Puerto Rico- República Dominicana-Cuba)
. Río
Piedras, Puerto Rico:
Editorial Universitaria
Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1976.

Published by the University of Puerto Rico, this
anthology examinesthe contribution of Spanish- Speaking
afro-Caribbean poets in the Americas. Jorge Luis Morales,
a noted Puerto Rican contemporary poet, reviews the
changing attitudes towards the element of negritude in
Puerto Rican, Dominican and Cuban poetry over the
years. A representative selection of poems by Hispanic-
Antillean poets, are also included in the index. This
publication is of interest to those working on afro-
Dominican literature, and literary trends in the
Dominican Republic and the rest of the Americas.

Dr Catherine Rovira Scans - panoramas

Bosch, Juan. Crisis de la Democracia de América en
la República Dominicana. Mexico: Centro de Estudios
y Documentación Sociales, A.C., 1964.

Juan Bosch (1909-2001) dedicates this first edition 
publication to José Francisco Peña Gómez, who at the
time was a supporter of Juan Bosch, then leader of the
Dominican Revolutionary Party (PRD). The backdrop to
this book is Bosch own experience as the first
democratically-elected president of theDominican
Republic post-dictatorial period who was overthrown in
a military coup in September of 1963. As a result of his
overthrow he examines what social and political
structures at the time contributed to Dominican
Republic’s inability to practice democracy. This book is
essential reading to political science and history students
as well as  researchers working on Democracy in the
Americas, the post-dictatorial period in the Dominican
Republic, Juan Bosch, and the 1963 military coup in the
Dominican Republic, among others.

Dr Catherine Rovira Scans - la poesia dominicana

Flores, Baeza Alberto. La poesía dominicana en el
siglo XX
. Santiago, República
Dominicana: Universidad
Católica Madre y Maestra, 1976.

First published in 1976, this book is an anthology of
Dominican poets from 1883 to 1943. It intertwines with
concepts of history, literary criticism, and comparative
literary styles. It also investigates four literary
movements:  Modernism, Vedrinismo, Postumismo and Los
Triálogos and how these movements shaped the writing
within this 70 year period. Among the writers included we
find Pedro Henríquez Ureña (1884-1946), Aída Cartagena
Portalatín (1918-1994), and Federico Henríquez y
Carvajal(1859–1935), among others. This publication is of
interest to those working on Dominican literature,
artistic movements and literary trends in the Dominican
Republic and the rest of the Americas.

Jhensen Ortiz

Dominican Library Intern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Five social science resources by Juan Bosch

In an effort to disseminate social and political thought from the Dominican Republic and the Caribbean, we are glad to present five distinctive social science publications written by Juan Bosch (1909-2001) and  available at our Dominican Library. These sources were published at different intervals of his life and provide insight into colonial history in the Americas and Europe, eighteenth and nineteenth century Caribbean history and twentieth century contemporary history. During the twentieth century, few writers in the Dominican Republic were as prolific as Juan Bosch. An educator, political organizer and former president, Bosch’s impact on politics, literature and the social sciences cannot be overestimated. The five publications below were a product of heated intellectual and political polemics with other writers while others were written with the explicit aim to educate the general public on important issues of the day by looking at the past with a critical eye.  All publications listed here are in Spanish unless otherwise indicated. (The DSI library has an extensive collection of literary and political works authored by Juan Bosch. In addition, we have a growing collection of literary criticism, political essays and audiovisual material that examine his life, work and legacy. To find more resources on Juan Bosch at DSI Library and other CUNY schools we recommend you to search the CUNY OneSearch catalog).

 

Decristobalcolonafidel128

De Cristóbal Colón a Fidel Castro: el Caribe, frontera imperial. Santo Domingo [From Cristopher Columbus to Fidel Castro: The Caribbean, an Imperial Frontier], República Dominicana: Alfa & Omega, 1988.

Drawing in part from the work of non-traditional scholarship as well as his own, this 738 page book is one of Juan Bosch’s most ambitious works. De Cristóbal Colón a Fidel Castro depicts the Caribbean region as a dynamic place moving history forward. Like many passionate writers and artists, Bosch does not shy away from contradiction. In Bosch’s writing, which reveals his political thinking at the time, traces of historical materialism co-exist side by side with positivist ideological formulations. Nevertheless, Bosch writes from a critical perspective that examines European colonialism in the Americas and its “imperial frontier” in the Caribbean erected over a period that lasted five centuries. Subsequent wars of independence, however, led to its demise to be later reconstructed by the United States as its expansionist policy took hold over time. Further, Bosch argues that a new historical period unlike any other opened up with the defeat of U.S-trained mercenaries who invaded Cuba in 1961 (Bay of Pigs or Playa Girón invasion) as it marked the demise of the imperial frontier set up by the United States. The book first saw publication in 1970. It has a bibliography and an index.

This publication is essential reading for students and researchers working on colonial history in the Americas, European wars, Caribbean societies, mercantilism and slavery; the Haitian revolution and inter-capitalist rivalry; Wars of Independence in the Americas, US foreign policy in the Caribbean, the Cuban revolution and Latin American nationalist movements. 

33bosch206

33 artículos de temas políticos [33 political essays]. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editora Alfa & Omega, 1988.

This is a collection of essays first published in the 1980s in Política: Teoría y Acción [Politics, Theory and Action], the long defunct journal of the Dominican Liberation Party (PLD). This book was published at the time when Bosch publicly embraced a Democratic Left/National Liberation political outlook. Bosch writes about the Nicaraguan revolution, the Reagan presidency and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Furthermore, Bosch’s essays touch upon both historical and ideological issues such as Latin American independence hero Simón Bolívar, the Russian Revolution, labor struggles in the United States, the Trujillo dictatorship in the Dominican Republic, political strategies and tactics as well as the role of the political leader. (We thank the Latin American and Caribbean Information Center (LACIC) for this donation).

This publication is essential reading for those studying Juan Bosch’s political and theoretical thought, populism as well as center-left and national liberation parties in the Americas.

Elnapoleondelasguerrillas129

El Napoleón de las guerrillas [The Napoleon of the Guerillas]. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editora Alfa & Omega, 1986.

First published in 1976, this book is a brief survey of the military campaigns organized by Dominican General Máximo Gómez (1836-1905) during Cuba’s War of Independence known as the Ten Year War (1868–1878). In this book, Bosch examines General Máximo Gómez’s social and political thought while looking at its impact on the course of the war to liberate Cuba from Spanish rule. The title of the book comes from a piece in The London News that recognized General Máximo Gómez’s tactical insights by comparing him to French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) hence the name “The Napoleon of the Guerrillas”. As an aside, the book cover provides insight on the solidarity efforts of other Latin American nations with the Cuban people by reproducing the front page of the Buenos Aires-based Cuba Libre newspaper published on January 23rd of 1897.  (We thank Luis Feliz for this donation).

This monographic study is essential reading for students and researchers conducting research on the Cuban war of independence, General Máximo Gómez, Antonio Maceo, José Martí, the Mambises, Afro-Cuban soldiers, Dominican solidarity with Cuba, military tactics as well as guerilla warfare during wars of independence and Antillanismo ideology.

Pentagonism127

Pentagonism: A Substitute for Imperialism, New York: Grove Press, 1968.

This is perhaps Juan Bosch’s best known political essay. In a nutshell, the author’s elaborates further on the “military-industrial complex” thesis in an attempt to denounce US interventions and coups—particularly his own experience as the first democratically-elected president of the Dominican Republic post-dictatorial period who was overthrown in a military coup in September of 1963. Translated into several languages, the book was the love child of a tumultuous epoch (the Cold War) in which world powers (the US and the former Soviet Union) competed for political, military and economic hegemony around the world. The backdrop to this book and similar publications at the time were the April of 1965 Constitutionalist revolution in the Dominican Republic and U.S military invasion; the anti-colonial wars in Africa; the Chinese revolution; the Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam war conflict (1955-1975); the civil rights movement in the U.S. and finally, the worldwide student revolts that shook the Western world. This publication is available at the DSI library in English.

This book is essential reading to political science and history students as well as researchers working in the fields of Cold War studies, U.S foreign policy in the Americas and Asia, modern warfare, the post-dictatorial period in the Dominican Republic, Juan Bosch, and the 1963 military coup in the Dominican Republic among others.

Hostos126

Hostos el sembrador [Hostos The Sower]. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Alfa & Omega, 2003.

This is a biography of positivist educator and political activist Eugenio María de Hostos (1839-1903). Originally born in Puerto Rico, Hostos left a profound mark on Dominican and Spanish-speaking Caribbean culture and letters.  The first edition of this book appeared in Cuba in 1939. This ninth edition (2003), published under the auspices of Fundación Juan Bosch to commemorate the one-hundred anniversary of Hostos’s death, presents a young Bosch working as a researcher for a living while laying the foundation for the study of Hostos’s extensive body of work and legacy. Consequently, Bosch’s work was fundamental in rescuing Hostos from the dustbin of history.

This biography is a secondary source material for those working on the intellectual history of the Spanish-speaking Caribbean, Eugenio María de Hostos, Puerto Rican writers and thinkers, Puerto Rican Independence movement, Puerto Rican writers in the Dominican Republic, Dominican-Puerto Rican solidarity ties, educational system in the Dominican Republic, cultural production in the Dominican Republic, modern political philosophies of the Americas, Antillanismo, Hostosianismo and Positivism, ideology of progress as well as Juan Bosch’s political and social thought.

Amaury Rodríguez, Library Research Assistant