The CUNY Dominican Studies Institute Library has just completed the reorganization and rehousing of the ¡AHORA! magazine collection. ¡AHORA! magazine was founded by Dominican journalist and lawyer Rafael Molina Morillo on January 15, 1962, and was considered a progressive media outlet for its support of freedom of expression and human rights in the country. The magazine ran until 2004, and the library has been able to preserve a few original issues from 1969 until 1978. While the collection is incomplete, the rehousing has made it possible to protect these issues for many years to come, and it was a collaborative effort that we attempted within the library.
With the assistance of library assistant Matthew Santana and intern Jorge Vasquez, a Queens College graduate student, enrolled in the Library Science, and History, dual degree program, we were able to complete the project.
It was a team effort, and I am so proud of the library staff for getting it done so quickly. They look great, and we look forward to sharing this resource with future researchers.
El Profesor Anthony Stevens-Acevedo y la Profesora Sarah Aponte, Director Auxiliar y Encargada de la Biblioteca del CUNY DSI respectivamente, agradecen al Dr. Marcos Charles (izquierda en la fotografía) por coordinar la visita de los historiadores dominicanos José C. Novas, (segundo desde la izquierda), Luis Alvarez López (tercero desde la izquierda) y Ramón Emilio Espínola (derecha) a nuestra Biblioteca, donde donaron numerosas publicaciones de su autoría y compartieron ideas para futuras colaboraciones.
Los historiadores donaron las siguientes publicaciones para que formen parte de nuestra colección:
- Secuestro de bienes de rebeldes: estado y sociedad en la uìltima dominacioìn espanÞola, 1863-1865
- Dieciséis conclusiones fundamentales sobre la anexión y la guerra de la restauración (1861-1865)
- Cinco ensayos sobre el Caribe hispano en el siglo XIX : República Dominicana, Cuba y Puerto Rico 1861-1898
- Dominican Republic and the Beginning of a Revolutionary Cycle in the Spanish Caribbean
- Guerras de liberación en el Caribe hispano, 1863-1878
Ramón Emilio Espínola
- La participación dominicana en las guerras por la independencia de Cuba
- Remembranzas: crónicas de la Ocupación 1916-1924, la era de los Estados Unidos.
- Dominicanas ejemplare: estudio histórico-biográfico y breve análisis del machismo en la historia
- Trujillo: causas e implicaciones que dieron origen a la dictadura
- Trujillo y sus relaciones con los gobernantes haitianos
- Trujillo, anécdotas y cosas de un dictador
- Mujeres extraordinarias de la patria puertorriqueña
- Compendio histórico-biográfico de extranjeros que participaron en la formación de la nación dominicana
José C. Novas
- El presidente Cáceres: fábula del progreso, el orden y la paz
- La batuta de Alejandrito: perfil biográfico del general Alejandro Woss y Gil, 1856-1932
- Twice the diplomat: Frederick Douglass's assignments to the island of Santo Domingo
- Los gavilleros: la lucha nacionalista contra la ocupación, 1916-1924
- Balaguer, Trujillo y el beso de Judas
- Trujillo: La emboscada final: muerte y funeral del generalísimo
On February 16th, I attended the screening of Después de Trujillo at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Claudia Calirman, Associate Professor of Art History, invited co-directors Lisa Blackmore and Jorge Domínguez Dubuc to screen and discuss the new documentary on dictatorship, space, and memory with her students. The documentary opened a space to discuss the legacy of the Trujillo dictatorship through the monuments, memory gardens, and contemporary ruins. A range of Dominican voices from historians and architects to activists and torture victim’s talk about the rise of Trujillo in the wake of the destruction of Hurricane San Zenón in 1930 as Trujillo came to power and consolidated his power through the modern architecture and the testimonies of resistance leading up to his demise in 1961.
The students engaged with the filmmakers by asking questions concerning represented voices in the film, national identity, and the role of Dominican and foreign artists or architects in shaping the vision of modernity. Also, they discussed the remnants of the dictatorship both physical and emotional for the many families still coping with their traumatic experience lived during the regime. The many institutions and public memorials like the Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana, Casa Museo Hermanas Mirabal, Monumento Héroes del 30 de Mayo, and Monumento a Los Héroes de Constanza, Maimón y Estero Hondo still exercise this past and challenge the politics of memory after Trujillo.
Furthermore, the impact from rescuing memory and development of Truth Commissions in Latin America the last few years situates the film in an unusual context of confronting historical impunity. The voicing of modernity enforced during the Trujillo dictatorship and the ghosts, which live on through monuments, gardens, and contemporary ruins are defining the complex issues with memory within Dominican society today.
We currently do not own a copy of the film, but we highly recommend this documentary to the public, students, and scholars with interest in the Trujillo era (1930-1961), Historical/Cultural Memory, Modernism, and the history of urban development in the Dominican Republic. Also, check out the co-director’s blog to learn more about the film where they share the process of making the film from beginning to end.
Professor Sarah Aponte would like to thank BMCC Professor Sophie Maríñez for taking the time to share her academic work with us at the CUNY Dominican Studies Institute Library.
Prof. Sophie Maríñez has made available via her profile on the academic social networking site Academia.edu her poems "Carnival Day in Santo Domingo," "Sentencia del Infierno," and a French translation of one of Frank Baez's poems "La Marilyn Monroe de Santo Domingo." She has also translated into French "Comrade, Bliss ain't playing" written by Josefina Báez in 2012. We encourage students, researchers, and the general public to check out her profile and tell her we sent you!
Como bibliotecaria en el CUNY Dominican Studies Institute, es un gran privilegio tener la oportunidad de conocer a grandes escritores dominicanos que nos visitan y donan sus publicaciones.
Fue un verdadero placer conocer y compartir con la escritora Aurora Arias durante su cálida visita. Felices de que nos donara la última edición de Emoticons publicada por el sello editorial argentino Corregidor con un excelente prólogo escrito por Gabriela Tineo.
Gracias a la Prof. Sharina Maillo-Pozo por hacer posible este hermoso encuentro.
Below please find our pick of bibliographical references available to the general public at our library about the 1965 Revolution in the Dominican Republic. The selected list has been compiled in honor of those who fought and lost their lives fifty-one years ago on April 28, 1965 in the capital city of Santo Domingo when fighting against the American troops that invaded and interrupted a pivotal moment in the country's history.
Meza Nieto, José. Acción dominicana: 1965 ¿Intervención o cooperación? Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University, Center for Strategic Studies, 1966. Print.
This source is a foreign policy report published by the Center for Strategic Studies at Georgetown University. The report provides insight into the minds of foreign policy experts and analysts inside and outside of the Beltway who were trying to make sense of the crisis in Santo Domingo.
Despradel, Fidelio. Historia gráfica de la revolución de abril. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Editora Nuevo Rumbo, 1975. Print.
This seminal book is a coveted publication about the 1965 Revolution and the subsequent U.S. military intervention that took place in the Dominican Republic.
The author, a theorist and leading member of the 14th of June Movement (1J4), as well as the renegade son of a prominent government official during the Trujillo dictatorship, creates a valuable visual resource that sheds light onto the events that led to the military coup that overthrew Bosch’s government and the counter-coup that aimed to bring him back to power.
Also, the book highlights the various political groups that came together during that period, the composition of the Comandos Populares (civilian military units), and the role of artists and intellectuals, women, Haitian immigrants, exiled Dominicans, and foreigners who participated in the struggle against the U.S military troops and their local allies.
Fortunato, René. Una primavera para el mundo: La revolución constitucionalista de 1965. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Amigo del Hogar, 2015. Print
To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the 1965 Revolution, acclaimed Dominican film director René Fortunato published a collection of 650 unedited photographs.The book includes a chronology of national and international daily events from April 24 to September 3, 1965.
This book is a collection of testimonies from women who fought in the 1965 Revolution. In these interviews, Margarita Cordero, a renowned journalist, focuses on the daily lives of some of the women who participated in the revolution, and highlights their concrete experience amidst of war, their training in combat at Academia Militar 24 de Abril and how women’s presence and involvement diversified the social discourse of the time and the history of the revolution.
Núñez Fernández, José Antonio. La guerra de locutores Abril 1965. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Biblioteca Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña, 2009. Print.
An examination of the lives and experiences of radio commentators who were in favor of safeguarding the constitution of the Dominican Republic that recognized only democratically elected governments. These radio commentators waged a campaign against the 1965 U.S. occupation based on the unconstitutionality of the act. Furthermore, this book highlights the much larger collective role of many individuals in Dominican society who used whatever means at their disposal to fight against the U.S. occupation.
To have access to the larger and rich collection of resources about the 1965 Revolution in the Dominican Republic, please visit The CUNY Dominican Studies Institute’s library.
LAMP (Latin American Materials Project)/Center for Research Libraries (CRL) has microfilmed a collection of Listín USA issues for the period of April 1992 - September 1992. There are some missing issues from June 24-30, 1992.
Listín USA was the leading weekly newspaper covering the daily life of Dominicans in New York City in the early 1990s, a key period in the development of Dominican communities in the city. The newspaper highlights the growth, challenges, tensions, contributions and accomplishments of one of the largest immigrant groups in the North Eastern U.S.
This microfilm project has preserved some important issues of Listín USA, allowing students, researchers, and the general public to explore events like the elections of the first Dominicans to the New York City Council and the New York State Assembly; the activities of businesses, community associations and cultural institutions led by Dominicans; the mobilization of Dominican public school parents, as well as the 1992 Washington Heights riots.
LAMP’s microfilming project to preserve these issues of Listín USA used the collection housed at the CUNY Dominican Studies Institute Library donated by Dominican journalist José Alduey Sierra. Prof. Sarah Aponte, Chief Librarian at CUNY DSI, proposed the project at the 2015 Annual Conference of SALALM (Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials) and worked closely with Judy Alspach, Area Studies Program Manager at CRL in bringing the initiative to completion. Prof. Aponte wants to acknowledge Program Manager Alspach for her assistance and communication during the process.
We invite you to peruse through these issues of Listín USA to study an important part of the history of New York City’s vibrant Dominican community.
A few weeks ago, we were fortunate to be visited by our friend and recent PhD graduate Dr. Eva Michelle Wheeler. About a year ago, she presented part of her dissertation research at the Fifth Biennial Dominican Studies Association Conference in Naugatuck Valley Community College to scholars and students. It was our first introduction to her perspective employing linguistics in analyzing Dominican race and skin color descriptors. Her inventive study examines the intersection of language and race in the Dominican Republic utilizing what she describes as “a mixed methods approach for the examination of race that first analyzes how meaning is constructed for each term (in lieu of translation), and then empirically tests hypotheses regarding physical and social information via photo description questionnaires.”
In the same spirit, the CUNY Dominican Studies Library will like to share her complete dissertation to students and scholars through her personal website. Her dissertation is titled (Re)Framing Raza: Language as a Lens for Examining Race and Skin Color Categories in the Dominican Republic is highly recommended for students to gain a better footing on the Dominican racial setting.
Prof. Sarah Aponte would like to thank Architect Sachi Hoshikawa and PhD candidate Jennifer A. Báez for their recent donation related to Dominican architecture and the 1955 Dominican Republic’s Peace and Confraternity of the Free World Fair during the Trujillo regime.
Báez, Jennifer. “Constructing the Nation at the 1955 Ciudad Trujillo World’s Fair.” Athanor XXXII (2014): 93-101. (Athanor is a magazine published by the museum of fine arts and art history department of Florida State University)
Arquitectura en el trayecto del sol: entendiendo la modernidad dominicana/ Architecture in the path of the sun: Understanding Dominican Modernity. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: Fundación Laboratorio de Arquitectura Dominicana, 2014. Print.
Few published articles and books compile in such a chronological way the ideology, history, and aesthetics of modernity in the Dominican Republic. The book was published as a complimentary piece to the Venice Biennale exhibit in 2014, one of the premier cultural events in the world displaying new art trends. This volume contains a compilation of texts and images to give readers a comprehensive idea of the rise of the particularities of Modern Architecture in the Dominican Republic. It provides a concrete analysis using a “historical synchronic frame” in others words a sense of the evolution of Dominican architecture; while attempting to deconstruct the notion of modernity within specific ideological and political contexts. The periods of Dominican architecture evolution are broken down into the following sections: the beginning of the twentieth century, the Trujillo dictatorship, the governments of Joaquín Balaguer and the recent years. In addition, many students and professionals in architecture will find this book particularly useful for its thoughts and reflections on ethics and aesthetics that are embedded in the new language of design in the Dominican Republic at different political circumstances.
Arquitectura en el trayecto del sol acknowledges the inherent identification of the “Peace and Confraternity of the Free World Fair,” where Dictator Rafael Trujillo celebrated his 25 years of power, as a sort of zenith of the construction of Dominican modernity. The article “Constructing the Nation at the 1955 Ciudad Trujillo World’s Fair.” implicitly talks about this as well, this construction of the nation and the fair as a medium for the dictatorship’s power and presence. The article mentions how the fair shaped the idea of the nation and defining modernity in the structure of hierarchical relationship between the city and the colonial quarters. While Báez’s article focuses on how the conception of a Dominican nation was cultivated during the Free World Fair and simultaneously carving a distinct cultural and spatial geography in relation to Haiti, I believe there are interesting parallels in both the article and the book. The fair was the channel for this discourse on Modernity at a very critical time in the Dominican Republic because of the anti-communist rhetoric in the Western hemisphere. The Trujillo regime needed to promote modernity and progress, in its own terms, but also attempted to align State ideology with Cold War discourse.
Furthermore, the article discusses the role of la zona colonia (colonial quarters) as a model of our architectural heritage, but it also gave spectators a contrast of past and present. I recommend this article if you want to understand how the fair forged this perception of the Dominican nation within the international panorama, but also in its relationship to Haiti. The book will give you more information and contributes critically to the discussion on the fair in the chapter “Modernity and Power” by Gustavo Luis Moré.
On another note, if you happen to be in New York, do not miss Latin America in Construction: Architecture 1955-1980, an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art. Commemorating and celebrating the 60th anniversary of “Latin American Architecture since 1945,” a landmark survey of modern architecture in Latin America. Now the Museum returns to the region to offer a complex overview of the positions, debates, and architectural creativity from Mexico and Cuba to the Southern Cone between 1955 and the early 1980s. The show is on view until July 19, 2015.
Sachi Hoshikawa, an architect and real estate advisor who holds a Master in Design Studies in Real Estate Finance and Development from Harvard University, is the collaborator and executive producer of Laboratorio de Arquitectura Dominicana (LAD) a non-profit organization based in the Dominican Republic and New York City.
I highly recommend that architectural students specifically take advantage of the above discussed resources and the exhibit. The resources also serve those that may be studying history, political science, and art history. There are many photographs of the beautiful architecture over the years in the Dominican Republic so for those doing photography don’t be shy, come and visit the library.
Professor Sarah Aponte would like to thank Allison J. Petrozziello for her kind visit and for donating several books from Observation Center for Migration and Development in the Caribbean (OBMICA) to our library.
(Courtesy of El Centinela Digital)
OBMICA is a think tank working on migration issues from a gender and rights perspective in the Dominican Republic. The donation consists of works in both English and Spanish: Género y el riesgo de apatridia para la población de ascendencia haitiana en los bateyes de la República Dominicana (2014), Estado del arte de las migraciones que atañen a la República Dominicana 2012 (2013), Migración y medio ambiente (2014), Estado de la cuestión de la población de los bateyes dominicanos en relación a la documentación (2014), Migración y sostenibilidad ambiental en Hispaniola (2014), Making Visible the Violence against Haitian Migrant, in-transit and Displaced Women on the Dominican-Haitian Border (2012), Mujeres en el camino (2011), Estado del arte de las migraciones que atañen a la República Dominicana (2014), Deportees: The Human Face of a Social Reality (2011).
Below we briefly review three of the eleven publications:
Petrozziello, Allison, and Bridget Wooding. Fanm Nan Fwontyè, Fanm Toupatou: Making Visible the Violence against Haitian Migrant, In-Transit and Displaced Women on the Dominican-Haitian Border. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: OBMICA, 2012. Print.
This book is a qualitative study on the reality of Haitian women and girls who experience multiple forms of violence on the Dominican-Haitian border, whether as migrants, cross border traders, or displaced persons following the 2010 Haitian earthquake. Furthermore, the fieldwork for this study was done specifically with the help and support of Haitian migrant woman in the border area of Elías Píña/Belladére who shared their experiences with the research team. In terms of the methodology the authors articulate and analyze the data reading through relevant literature, both theoretical and empirical, prior to the field work, which was done during the second half of May 2011. They also worked closely in collaboration with the Colectiva Mujer y Salud (CMS), a non-governmental organization dedicated to women’s issues. CMS assisted OBMICA in identifying women who were displaced following the Haitian earthquake, as well as additional support to researchers in the field and logistics throughout the study. Lastly, the authors offer a series of recommendations to the Dominican and Haitian governments, local authorities, the civil society, international organizations, and migrant women themselves.
This book is highly recommended to students, researchers, sociologists, and human rights activists as well as the general public. Some of the key research areas are: Violence against Women in the Dominican Republic, Haitian migrant in transit in the Dominican Republic, Dominican-Haitian Border, Traffic of Haitian women and children, and Haitian-Dominican Republic Relations.
Petrozziello, Allison J., Ameila Hintzen, and Juan Carlos González Díaz. Género y el riesgo de Apatridia para la población de ascendencia haitiana en los bateyes de la República Dominicana. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: OBMICA, 2014. Print.
In this book, based on historical and sociological research, the authors argue that there are important gender dimensions to mediate in the risk of becoming stateless (or remain in a state of legal limbo) for Dominicans of Haitian descent in the Dominican Republic. There is a chapter on the historical background on the lives of women in the bateyes from the era of Trujillo and concluding with the time of the State Sugar Council from 1961 to the present; particularly important because they explain why the sudden encouragement from the Dominican state for the formation of Haitian families and their descendants to live in the country and work in the sugar cane fields. The publication is also responding to the Constitutional court ruling issued on September 23, 2013 that retroactively revokes citizenship for thousands living in the country of Haitian. Those born in the Dominican Republic since 1929 could lose citizenship if they don't have at least one Dominican parent. The ruling has caused to upend the lives of thousands, mostly people of Haitian descent. The book provides timely analysis on finding solutions to this humanitarian crisis triggered after the Constitutional Court ruling. Applying a gender context reveals patterns and peculiarities which, in turn, allow human rights defenders to identify strategic points to support their fight against this serious and blatant violation of human rights.
This book is highly recommended to students, researchers, sociologists, and human rights activists as well as the general public. Some of the key research areas are: Discrimination of Dominican-Haitian descendants, Denationalization of Dominicans of Haitian descent, Constitutional Court decision ruling 168-13, Statelessness in the Dominican Republic, and Gender dynamics of Dominicans of Haitian descent.
Belliard, Marianella, andBridget Wooding. Deportados: El rostro humano de una realidad social: Brief sobre la realidad de los repatriados dominicanos = Deportees: the Human Face of a Social Reality of Dominican Deportees. Santo Domingo, República Dominicana: OBMICA, 2011. Print.
This booklet discusses the social reality of Dominican deportees from the United States to the Dominican Republic. While their analysis is brief there is substantial information on 1996 “Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act (IRCA)” and its impact on deportation. Inside you will find two cases that are emblematic of how this law was applied arbitrarily. There are graphs and statistics depicting the number of non-criminal and criminal deportation. In addition, the authors describe the social perception of deportees in Dominican society and the wasted opportunity that many dream of going to America. Overall, the booklet is comprehensive in examining the reality felt at both ends—in the United States and Dominican Republic.
This book is highly recommended to students, researchers, sociologists, and human rights activists as well as the general public. Their work covers key research areas as: United States and Dominican Republic Immigration Law and policy, International migration law, and society perception of deportees.
To learn more about OBMICA (Observation Center for Migration and Development in the Caribbean) feel free to visit their website.The CUNY/DSI library has an extensive bibliographical collection on human rights abuses, women rights, and discrimination in the Dominican Republic. For more information, contact chief librarian Sarah Aponte. You can also search the CUNY+ online catalog.